The Brno International Week will take place in the city of Brno in the very heart of Europe. Brno is the capital of the South-Moravia region, with nearly 400 000 inhabitants.
The history of Brno dates back to the 9th century. The Bohemian king Wenceslas I confirmed basic city rights and privileges to the city in the year 1243. After the successful defence of the city against Swedish in the period of the Thirty Years War, Brno has become the capital of Moravia. Trade production and prospering commerce established the pre-requisite for the expansion of the city and at the beginning of the 19th century; Brno became one of the largest centers of textile and then machinery industries. Development of the city in the Inter-War Period (1919 - 1939) was influenced mainly by industry.
The Modern Movement also known as functionalism was an architectural style that is remarkable for Brno in this period. The unique functionalist architecture in Brno includes an icon of functionalism, Villa Tugendhat, designed by Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, which is inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List.
Notable people have worked in the city: the composers Leoš Janáček, and Erich W. Korngold were born here; mathematician and philosopher Kurt Gödel; world famous physicist Ernst Mach; W.A. Mozart as well as Bedřich Smetana lived and gave concerts in Brno at some time.
Brno it is the seat of the Code of Administrative Justice, the Supreme Court of the Czech Republic, the Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic and the Supreme Public Prosecutor's Office of the Czech Republic.
Brno is also the city with the highest number of universities. There are currently 6 universities with 27 faculties. The most well-known ones are Masaryk University, Brno University of Technology, Mendel University of Agriculture and Forestry, Janáček Academy of Music and Performing Arts, University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences and University of Defence.
To its visitors, the Southern Moravia region offers a varied range of cultural, natural, and technical sights. Due to the fertile position of the region, attractive folklore and wine tourism have a tradition here. Viticulture in Southern Moravia belongs to the oldest in Europe, as vines have been grown here since the Celtic times. Not only the vineyards and famous wine cellars and cellar alleys attract people to visit, but also wine expositions, exhibitions, fairs and wine harvest festivals.